While users can be either people (meaning accounts tied to physical users) or accounts that exist for specific applications to use, groups are logical expressions of organization, tying users together for a common purpose. Users within a group share the same permissions to read, write, or execute files owned by that group.
Each user is associated with a unique numerical identification number called a user ID (UID). Likewise, each group is associated with a group ID (GID). A user who creates a file is also the owner and group owner of that file. The file is assigned separate read, write, and execute permissions for the owner, the group, and everyone else. The file owner can be changed only by
root, and access permissions can be changed by both the
rootuser and file owner.
Additionally, Red Hat Enterprise Linux supports access control lists (ACLs) for…
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