Red Hat Enterprise Linux uses the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS) file system structure, which defines the names, locations, and permissions for many file types and directories.
The FHS document is the authoritative reference to any FHS-compliant file system, but the standard leaves many areas undefined or extensible. This section is an overview of the standard and a description of the parts of the file system not covered by the standard.
Compliance with the standard means many things, but the two most important are compatibility with other compliant systems and the ability to mount a
/usr/partition as read-only. This second point is important because the directory contains common executables and should not be changed by users. Also, since the
/usr/directory is mounted as read-only, it can be mounted from the CD-ROM or from another machine via a read-only NFS mount.
1.2.1. FHS Organization
The directories and files noted…
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